The most popular airport with more than ten millio

2022-07-23
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Ministry of environmental protection: airports with more than 10 million passengers require the establishment of an automatic air quality monitoring system

the Ministry of environmental protection issued the principles for the approval of environmental impact assessment documents of airport construction projects (hereinafter referred to as the "principles"), in which, for airports with an annual passenger throughput (short-term or long-term) of more than 10 million passengers, the principles proposed the establishment of an automatic air quality monitoring system for the airport environment, And the requirements for setting up a real-time noise monitoring system in the airport and the main acoustic environment sensitive areas

according to the Ministry of environmental protection, the principles are applicable to the approval of the environmental impact assessment documents of the loading and unloading projects of civil airports and military civilian airports

Efforts to reduce development detours

according to the principles, the new (relocation) project has carried out environmental comparison and selection of multiple site schemes from the aspects of environmental elements such as acoustic environment, ecology, water environment and soil environment, and put forward the requirement that the distance between necessary adjustment fixtures should be 50mm and optimized. The project site selection and construction layout do not occupy the areas prohibited by laws and regulations in the environmentally sensitive areas such as nature reserves, scenic spots, world cultural and natural heritage sites, drinking water source protection areas and other ecological protection red lines

"in case of adverse impact on sensitive targets of acoustic environment, priority shall be given to source control measures under the conditions of technology, economy, safety and feasibility."

according to the principles, for the acoustic environment sensitive targets that exceed the standard, engineering optimization schemes such as adjusting the runway layout, azimuth and runway take-off and landing ratio are put forward. After measures such as environmental protection demolition, building sound insulation, surrounding planning control and adjustment are put forward, the adverse impact on the acoustic environment can be mitigated and controlled. The acoustic environment sensitive targets around the airport can be approved if they meet the requirements of relevant standards

the principles also put forward requirements for the key protected and important habitats of rare and endangered wild animals and the protection of bird migration. Among them, for those that have adverse effects, the principles put forward engineering optimization schemes such as adjusting runway layout and azimuth, optimizing flight procedures and runway and takeoff and landing ratio, and put forward measures such as lighting and noise control and ecological restoration during the operation period; In case of adverse effects on ancient and famous trees, key protected and rare and endangered wild plants, measures such as avoidance, engineering protection and transplanting have been taken. After the above measures are taken, the adverse impacts on the key protected, rare and endangered wild animals and plants and their important habitats can be mitigated and controlled for approval

in addition, for domestic sewage, initial rainwater in the oil depot area, machine repair wastewater and other sewage (waste) water, the collection and disposal measures are put forward, which also causes part of the waste to meet the corresponding standard requirements, and the specific methods of reuse, comprehensive utilization or discharge are defined. For oil depots, oil transportation facilities, sewage treatment facilities, etc., measures to prevent soil and groundwater pollution such as zoning anti-seepage and leakage monitoring are put forward, and requirements for soil and groundwater environmental monitoring are put forward

according to the principles, after the above measures are taken, the adverse impact on the water environment and soil environment can be mitigated and controlled, and the discharge of various pollutants can be approved after reaching the standard

the principles also put forward requirements for oil depots and oil transportation facilities to set up necessary oil and gas recovery measures in accordance with relevant regulations. "If there are heating facilities in the site area, the measures and requirements for air pollution prevention and control are put forward. Necessary countermeasures and suggestions are put forward for airports with annual passenger throughput (short-term or long-term) exceeding 10 million person times, combined with the prediction of aircraft exhaust impact." According to the principles, after these measures are taken, the adverse impact on the ambient air can be mitigated and controlled, and the discharge of various pollutants can be approved after reaching the standard

in view of the airport with an annual passenger throughput (short-term or long-term) of more than 10 million person times, according to the principles, the requirements for setting up an airport ambient air quality automatic monitoring system and setting up a noise real-time monitoring system in the airport and the main acoustic environment sensitive areas can be approved

information disclosure and public participation in accordance with relevant regulations is also a principle requirement for the approval of airport EIA

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