The drying rate of China's three major staple grains is low, and the market demand for dryers is huge.
"crops are good or bad at both ends. There is a good moisture content when planting, and a good sunny day when harvesting." In every grain harvest season, if there is continuous rain, farmers are as nervous as fighting, and the grain dryer is not affected by the weather and site, which can well solve the problem of drying grain by day, which is time-consuming and laborious, and also effectively avoid secondary pollution and ensure the quality of grain
what is the current market development of domestic grain dryer? What are the trends of industry development in the future? At the 2017 national agricultural machinery and parts exhibition held in Zhengzhou, Henan Province not long ago, the China Association of agricultural mechanization, the China Association of agricultural machinery industry, and the agricultural machinery test and appraisal station of the Ministry of agriculture jointly hosted a symposium on the current situation and development of the grain drying equipment market. Relevant experts, leaders of industry associations, and representatives of dryer manufacturers discussed the above issues
the picture shows that large growers can buy grain dryers at the agricultural machinery and parts exhibition by replacing the pendulum they need in 2017 and retightening the compression nut at the end of the main shaft
the mildew rate of grain is up to 5%. Mechanical drying is very necessary
drying grain is a headache for farmers during the summer and autumn harvest every year. Traditional natural drying is cheap, but it requires a large drying site, a long time and a certain amount of labor. In addition, it is greatly affected by the weather, and the drying effect is difficult to guarantee
compared with natural drying, mechanized drying has significant advantages. Wang Huibo, deputy general manager of Zoomlion dryer business department, said: "mechanized drying can greatly improve labor efficiency, save land and labor costs, not affected by natural factors such as site and weather, and can also effectively avoid secondary pollution such as soil, gravel, debris and vehicle exhaust, ensuring better grain quality and appearance."
data show that as the world's largest grain producer and consumer, China's total annual grain output is about 500 million tons. The loss of grain after harvest in the process of threshing, drying, storage, transportation, processing and consumption is as high as 18%. Among them, due to climate reasons, there is no time to dry or fail to meet the safe water standard, causing the loss of grain such as mildew and germination as high as about 5%, with an annual loss of about 20million tons and a direct economic loss of 20billion to 30billion yuan. In addition to economic losses, moldy grains will produce aflatoxin, and entering the circulation field will cause food security problems. In European and American countries, the proportion of grain mildew is mostly below 1%
in addition, Wang Huibo believes that, "With the land circulation, new agricultural business entities such as professional cooperatives and family farms are rising day by day, and the scale of agricultural planting is expanding; the popularization and application of Agronomy and agricultural technology has increased the crop output year by year; the development of agricultural mechanization has made the production large-scale and intensive; the water content of large-scale and centralized harvested crops is generally high at the beginning of harvest, and they must be dried in the tense agricultural season before they can be stored and processed." Therefore, from the perspective of ensuring national food security, the development of grain mechanized drying is not only very necessary, but also of strategic significance
in addition, from the perspective of demand, food crops and cash crops must be dried or dried to meet the requirements of safe storage after harvest. Rice and jade at the same time, our current technology and production capacity can also meet the production of relevant customized products. Rice can be safely stored only when the moisture content is less than 14%, while the moisture content of rice harvest in China is generally about 25%, and the moisture content of Southern late rice is as high as 30% - 35%; The moisture content of corn at harvest is about 20% - 24%; The moisture content of wheat at harvest is about 17% - 19%, while the safe storage standard is less than 12.5%. In addition to rice, corn, wheat, soybeans, rapeseed, fruits and vegetables, medicinal materials, agaric, tobacco, tea and other economic crops with the largest drying demand, they also have drying demand
the annual growth rate is more than 50%, and the good and bad products are mixed
in 2016, the average drying rate of the three main grains of corn, wheat and rice in China reached 19.76%, which is still a huge gap compared with the average level of mechanized drying of grain in Europe and the United States and other developed countries, which is more than 95%, and the overall development is slow. In fact, this is the result of the rapid growth of China's dryer Market and the continuous increase of market capacity after 2010. Wang Huibo said, "in particular, the increased subsidy policies for the purchase of dryers in various regions have greatly stimulated the demand of the dryer Market and accelerated product upgrading."
experts predict that in the field of grain drying, China's annual demand for equipment for drying rice, wheat and corn is about 13000; The annual demand for drying equipment for agricultural and forestry local products is about 2000. Because the development of grain drying machinery is of great strategic significance to ensure national food security, on the basis of 30% of the national financial subsidies, in recent years, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Jiangsu and other provinces and Northeast China have introduced policies to increase subsidies for dryers, promoting the purchase, installation and use of local dryers, with an average annual growth rate of more than 50%
Wang Huibo believes that "at present, China's dryer industry as a whole is in the market growth stage, and has not yet entered the mature stage. The market is very irregular. The explosive growth of dryer scale has not only created a rapid warming of the market, but also led to the phenomenon of mud and sand. A large number of inferior brands have mixed into the market, and it is urgent to strengthen management and standardization."
at present, there are more than 400 grain dryer manufacturers in China, but the manufacturers are generally small. Due to the low entry threshold and low technical content, the products are mixed. Many enterprises only pay attention to immediate interests, lack systematic development ideas, and lack technology research and development. New products mainly rely on mutual imitation, which is far from the technology gap of international mainstream products. Wang Huibo said, "the development of the domestic grain dryer industry is generally lack of planning, and there is no independent brand enterprise with core leading technology in the industry. At the same time, the lack of industry standards, the low threshold of market access, and the lack of early guidance and late supervision of the industry have led to disorderly competition in the market, and the phenomenon of bad money driving out good money has occurred repeatedly."
Liu Chun, the head of Heilongjiang Agricultural Machinery Test and appraisal station, also holds a similar view to Wang Huibo on whether the instrument meets the measurement performance requirements, "The manufacturing quality of domestic grain dryers is uneven, and there is a big gap compared with foreign dryers, especially some manufacturers do not have the corresponding technology and equipment conditions, workshop production, low level of manufacturing process, and the use of materials is not standard, resulting in low service life and poor reliability of dryers. Many enterprises do not fully study the basic theory of drying, the degree of automation control of dryer system needs to be improved, and simply pursue output Only by enlarging the cross-sectional area of the dryer, it blindly develops in the direction of large precipitation and large processing capacity. The moisture and temperature of the dried grain cannot be accurately controlled, and the drying quality cannot be guaranteed. "
the healthy development of the industry also needs the joint efforts of many parties
experts believe that the domestic dryer industry with high-speed growth has a promising market prospect and great potential. To achieve healthy development and rapid growth, it also needs the careful care, management and "watering and fertilization" of the government, market, industry, society and other aspects
Wang Huibo suggested that the government should increase policy support for dryer manufacturing enterprises and scientific research institutions in technology research and development, product innovation projects, and promote the rapid upgrading of dryer product technology; Appropriately increase the proportion of purchase subsidies for dryer products, add subsidies for drying operations, or give fuel subsidies to users who use dryers, so as to reduce the use cost and mobilize farmers' enthusiasm to buy dryers. Preferential policies such as preferential subsidies and additional subsidies will be implemented for the purchase and use of grain drying equipment by new agricultural business entities such as farmers' professional cooperatives, large grain planting households, Agricultural Machinery Cooperatives, family farms, large agricultural machinery households, and through its demonstration and driving role, the rapid development of the grain dryer Market will be promoted
at present, more multinational companies are shifting their targets to the Chinese market. The increasingly fierce competition requires domestic dryer manufacturers to improve product quality through technological progress, absorbing foreign advanced technology and independent innovation. "Large enterprises need to invest in R & D to lead the development of the industry and shorten the gap with foreign products." Wang Huibo said that large enterprise groups should be encouraged to enter the drying equipment market, carry out hierarchical management of dryer production and R & D enterprises, implement differentiated support according to scale, guide and encourage dryer enterprises to become stronger and bigger, achieve large-scale development through benign competition, eliminate backward production capacity, and promote industrial upgrading
in terms of development trend, Wang Huibo believes that efforts should be made in the large-scale equipment, the degree of automation of control, the quality of equipment surface treatment, the selection of corrosion-resistant materials, and the development of multi-functional combination machines to promote the continuous extension of product life cycle. Liu Chunzhu also suggested that the development direction should be to continue to improve the quality of grain drying and the level of automation and informatization, strengthen theoretical and Experimental Research on drying, explore new drying processes, and make the control of drying process evolve to the stage of computer control
for industry associations, we should speed up the restructuring, reorganization and transformation of grain drying machinery production enterprises, solve the problems of many enterprises, small scale, high cost and low efficiency, improve the degree of industry concentration and specialization, promote the development of domestic and foreign markets and the construction of product after-sales service system, truly form a powerful enterprise technology innovation base, and drive the whole industry to improve competitiveness
yaochunsheng, deputy head of the agricultural machinery test and appraisal station of the Ministry of agriculture, said that the Department of agricultural mechanization of the Ministry of agriculture will carry out the quality investigation of grain dryers for the first time this year, mainly in Heilongjiang, Liaoning, Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Anhui provinces, which have a large number of dryers, in order to grasp the overall quality level of drying equipment on the market, Understand the users' real evaluation on the precise control of experimental force (or deformation) of subsidized machines and tools to ensure quality, promote enterprises to improve product quality, and safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of users