The most popular three major strategies, such as t

2022-09-23
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As an important measure to deploy and optimize the spatial pattern of economic development, the central economic work conference held at the end of last year clearly proposed to focus on the implementation of the "the Belt and Road", the coordinated development of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei, and the Yangtze River economic belt. Since this year, the top-level design plans of the three strategies have been issued one after another, starting to solve problems comprehensively, taking transportation infrastructure as the first, and the promotion of practical operation has also begun to speed up, and the policy effect has initially appeared. Experts said that the important background of the introduction of the three strategies is that China's economy has entered the new normal and there is an urgent need to find new power sources. With the further promotion of the three strategies, the great potential to drive economic growth will be further revealed

On March 28 this year, the national development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of foreign affairs and the Ministry of Commerce jointly released the vision and action of promoting the joint construction of the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st century Maritime Silk Road, a strategic investment era without research resources. This programmatic document provides guidance for the promotion of the "the Belt and Road". At the same time, as the first top-level planning and design of the three strategies, it also opens the curtain of the three strategies in this year

a month later, the Yangtze River economic belt construction work conference was held to review the outline of the Yangtze River economic belt development plan. On April 30, the Central Committee deliberated and approved the "Beijing Tianjin Hebei coordinated development planning outline", and the top-level design of Beijing Tianjin Hebei began to surface

"following the central economic work conference held at the end of last year, which clearly proposed to focus on the implementation of the three strategies, the top-level design plans of the three strategies were all issued this year, and the comprehensive layout began, entering the substantive promotion stage." Song Hong, assistant director of the Institute of world economics and politics of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said

song Hong said that export orientation and heavy chemical industry have been the growth models of China's economy for a long time. Now these two models are facing transformation. China's economy has entered the new normal, and there is an urgent need to find new power sources. This is the common background of the three strategies

Chen Yao, vice president and Secretary General of the China Association of regional economics, said that the three strategies are new ideas based on the original foundation, and will focus on the optimization of land space in the past to the optimization of economic structure now. From the perspective of scheme design, in the past, the strategy was mostly to establish special zones such as economic zones, showing fragmentation, while at this stage, it is mostly collaborative development within urban agglomerations, which avoids independent and blind development. 1. It can improve the thermal stability of the diaphragm; 2. It can improve the wettability of diaphragm to electrolyte and repeat construction

the relationship between the three strategies is not parallel. Zhang Keyun, a professor at the Institute of regional and urban economics at Renmin University of China, said that the three strategies have different priorities, coverage and starting points. The "the Belt and Road" aims to adapt to China's changes in the world pattern and emphasizes the new pattern of opening up. It is the 4.0 version of China's opening up. The Yangtze River economic belt focuses more on the cooperative relationship between eastern, central and Western China. The coordinated development of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei is to solve the imbalance of the development of the three places

however, experts also said that although they have different positioning, there is an inherent logic between the three strategies to successfully develop the ultra free cutting stainless steel used in the ball socket of ball point pen head. They also shoulder the common mission of finding new driving forces for China's economy. For example, the experience of the coordinated development of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei has created a demonstration template for the construction of the Yangtze River economic belt and the undertaking of industrial transfer. The promotion of the "the Belt and Road" relies on the integration of domestic regions, while expanding the economic space to the world

In fact, the three strategies have not stayed at the top-level design stage since this year, and they have also been accelerated in practical operation

the first is the intensive implementation of relevant supporting measures, including finance, taxation, etc. On June 29, the signing ceremony of the Asian infrastructure investment and Development Bank was held in Beijing. This important international financial platform supporting the construction of the "the Belt and Road" is expected to be officially established within this year

for another example, on June 3, the Ministry of Finance and the State Administration of Taxation issued the "measures for tax revenue sharing of enterprises engaged in the coordinated development of industrial transfer in Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei", clarifying the tax sharing scheme and safeguard measures for enterprises engaged in industrial transfer in Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei. On June 30, the national development and Reform Commission officially issued the implementation opinions on the construction of the Yangtze River Economic Belt national transformation and upgrading demonstration Development Zone, which once again injected impetus into a new round of cross regional cooperation and undertaking industrial transfer in the Yangtze River economic belt development zone

secondly, the enthusiasm for docking is also growing. Take the "the Belt and Road" as an example. At present, docking schemes including Guangdong, Fujian, Shanghai and other places have taken shape. In addition, many provinces and cities have intensively held expert seminars on docking with the "the Belt and Road", stepped up the formulation of implementation plans, and successively launched relevant planning projects

among the investment projects that have been launched or are about to be launched, infrastructure construction and transportation are ahead. For example, Fujian Province has proposed to support Quanzhou in building a pilot area of the "maritime Silk Road" and will also speed up the construction of major infrastructure projects that connect land and sea. Guangdong Province has also planned a number of large projects to connect with the "the Belt and Road", with dozens of planned projects in the early three years alone. In the coordinated development strategy of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei, transportation integration is also the first breakthrough. The Beijing Tianjin Hebei provincial and municipal governments and China Railway Corporation jointly invested 10billion yuan. After about 20 days, they can get the test report from the national authority and decide to establish Beijing Tianjin Hebei Intercity Railway Investment Co., Ltd

with the acceleration of the three strategies, the policy effect has initially appeared, and a new economic growth pole is emerging

statistics from the Ministry of Commerce show that in the first five months, the total bilateral trade volume between China and countries along the line was US $398.38 billion, accounting for 25.8% of China's total import and export volume in the same period; The actual amount of foreign capital invested by countries along the line in China was 2.919 billion US dollars, accounting for 5.42% of the total amount of foreign capital absorbed nationwide; By the end of May this year, China has achieved a total of 161.2 billion US dollars in various types of investment in 64 countries/regions of the "the Belt and Road", accounting for about 20% of China's total foreign direct investment. In addition, the provinces along the Yangtze River still maintained a high economic growth rate in the first quarter, and most regions exceeded the national level

push forward the supporting policies in depth

in the next step, the focus of the three strategies has jumped on the paper. Industry experts predict that there will be more intensive policy promotion in the second half of the year

Shendanyang, spokesman of the Ministry of Commerce, revealed that the Ministry of commerce is speeding up the formulation of the timetable and road map for promoting the construction plan of the "the Belt and Road". In the near future, it will also focus on promoting the construction of the "the Belt and Road" from four aspects, such as promoting economic and trade work with countries along the belt and road, expanding mutual market opening, and actively discussing the construction of a new free trade zone. Diaochunhe, President of China Chamber of Commerce for foreign contracting and engineering, believes that the next key development areas are transportation infrastructure construction, energy and mineral resources, and supporting industries for infrastructure construction

this year, the three provinces and cities of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei will work together with the relevant central departments to prepare the unified "13th five year plan" of the three provinces and cities, study and formulate special plans for land use, urban and rural areas, ecological environment protection, and further strengthen the top-level design. At the same time, the goal of building an efficient and dense rail transit network is proposed, and it is planned to achieve a one hour traffic circle in Beijing Tianjin Baotou area by 2017. In terms of finance, the three provinces and cities will jointly contribute to the establishment of a coordinated development fund in accordance with a certain proportion, and study the feasibility of establishing the Beijing Tianjin Hebei Development Bank

looking forward to the future, with the further promotion of the three strategies, the great potential to drive economic growth will be further revealed

Liu Shucheng, member of the Department of science of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, pointed out that the implementation of the three national strategies will promote the broad vertical and horizontal connection between the eastern, central and western regions of China, and form a new economic growth pole, growth belt and urban agglomeration from point to line and from line to surface. At the same time, it can promote the interconnection of international and domestic economic development, and form a new situation of all-round opening up along the coast, along the river and along the border

"if it goes well, it will have a huge spillover effect, and the effect will exceed expectations." Zhan Xiaoning, director of the investment and Enterprise Department of the United Nations Conference on Trade and development, said that the world has set off a new round of infrastructure construction boom, but the problem of financing and capital sources has not been solved. The "the Belt and Road" and the Asian investment bank are expected to blaze a new path in this regard, form a new model of international infrastructure cooperation, and drive and enhance a new wave of international investment. In addition, the global industrial gradient transfer is not a foregone conclusion, and the "the Belt and Road" is expected to strengthen the connectivity of countries along the route

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