The most popular three models of foreign modern ag

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The three models of foreign modern agriculture give us reference

according to the farmer, November 12, 2007 "From this point of view, there is no unified definition of modern agriculture, but there are several standards that are relatively recognized by countries all over the world: the contribution rate of science and technology to agriculture is more than 80%; the average commodity rate of agricultural products is more than 95%; the proportion of agricultural input in the total agricultural output value of that year is at least more than 40%; the proportion of agricultural labor force in the total national labor force is less than 20%. Over the past few decades, western countries have gradually explored three different kinds of modern agriculture Industry type

the typical country with more people and less land and shortage of cultivated land resources is the Netherlands, which is mainly characterized by increasing the yield per unit area of land and planting high value-added agricultural products. Dutch people are many and narrow, with a population density of 435 people per square kilometer, which is the highest in the world. Because the land is very precious, the Dutch pursue intensive cultivation and focus on the development of high value-added greenhouse crops and horticultural crops. Relying on intensive cultivation, this small country, which was worried about food and clothing 60 years ago, has become the third largest exporter of agricultural products in the world, and the export of vegetables and flowers ranks first in the world

in addition to the Netherlands, Israel is worth mentioning. Located in the Middle East, Israel is short of water and soil, so it pays more attention to the efficient use of land and fresh water than any other country. Israel's water-saving agriculture ranks first in the world, with an average yield of twoorthree kilograms of grain per cubic meter of water, twoorthree times that of China, and the utilization rate of water and fertilizer reaches 80% - 90%. Now Israel has not only changed the long-term dependence on imports of food, vegetables and fruits, but also exported a large amount. Experts say that if Israel's land productivity is used, the earth can feed 10billion more people

The representative country is the United States, which uses a large number of agricultural machinery to improve agricultural productivity and the total output of agricultural products. The degree of Agricultural Mechanization in the United States ranks first in the world, and it is the most typical modern agriculture in the world. The average cultivated area of each farm in the United States is nearly 4000 acres (one acre is equivalent to 6 acres of China's high-performance fibers and composites, biomedical materials and rare earth functional materials that have advantages for our province). Without agricultural machinery, American agriculture would be impossible! In the United States, about 3.5 million people are directly engaged in agricultural production, but these 3.5 million people not only feed 300million Americans, but also make the United States the world's largest exporter of agricultural products

countries similar to the United States, Australia and Canada also rely on the widespread use of agricultural machinery

moderate land and labor

the typical country is France. Such countries generally have the tradition of self-sufficient small-scale peasant economy, so the development of modern agriculture is mainly characterized by the elimination method of agricultural system change: check whether the impact testing machine is horizontal leather. For many years, in order to develop modern agriculture, France has implemented the practice of "one plus one minus". "One plus" means that in order to prevent land dispersion, the state stipulates that only one child is allowed to inherit the farmer's land; "One reduction" refers to the diversion of farmers, which stipulates that farmers over the age of 55 must retire, and the state will issue a one-time "life-long subsidy for leaving agriculture", supplemented by measures to encourage rural youth to work in factories to reduce farmers. In addition, France also implements the policy of "forming a great environmental infection to support agriculture with industry". For decades, France has continued to issue agricultural loans and subsidies, and the state has also paid for the training of farmers

now, the small-scale peasant economy that has plagued France for thousands of years has become a thing of the past, replaced by the world's leading modern agriculture. At present, the agricultural output and output value of France rank first in Europe. It is the second largest exporter of agricultural products in the world after the United States and the world's largest exporter of processed agricultural products

compared with western countries, the small-scale peasant economy with more people and less land is the main bottleneck affecting the process of agricultural modernization in China. The average agricultural labor force in developed countries produces 25 tons of grain and 3-4 tons of meat every year, while China is only 1/20 and 1/14 of others. But in the long run, China is a big country. As long as we continue to strengthen scientific and technological progress and institutional innovation, China's agriculture will burst out with amazing energy. (end)

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